Abode Architecture in Taiwan
Date：2020/01/17 - 2020/03/01（Closed in Jan. 24th）
Opening Hours：11：00 - 18：00（Last admission is 30 minutes before closing）
Home is a private place.
It is also influenced by the nation rules and the sway of the world order.
Home is the product of collective wisdom that people of generations gain by confronting their environment and enemies;
also administrated and governed under the modern legislation.
Through the Taiwan history, we want to find out what type of “gene pool” embedded in the residential architecture. What is the key points behind it?
Searching abode architecture not only offers a glimpse of urban landscape in Taiwan but a journey of cultural excavation.
A Cross-Sectional History of the Taiwanese Abode Architecture
The experience, from various nationalities and ethnicities migrated and settled down in Taiwan, forms what can be called as a “gene pool” of island adobe architecture.
The indigenous people’s building knowledge, the culture of the Han people who crossed the Taiwan Strait, Western cultural elements introduced after the Qing dynasty’s opening trade ports, and Japanese-Western Eclectic style—each of these is an important moment in the history of Taiwan abode architecture.
Modern X Residential Governance
During Japanese period, as colonial leaders sought an effective and modern mode of governance. People became the target of measurement from the national government, and each home was regarded as a statistical module. The behavior and living space among of every household were governed by the laws and regulations of the state.
A Period of Wandering X Finding a New Dwelling
As World War II came to end in 1945, the Chinese Civil War just began. In 1949, a large-scale emigration of more than a million soldiers and civilians with ROC Armed Forces retreated from mainland China to Taiwan.
The soldiers and their families settled down their initial refuge in the dormitories left by the Japanese, schools, and even local temples. Then the Armed Forces Dependent Welfare implemented a centralized residence system to manage what became known as “military dependents villages,” one of public housing projects.
How Sweet Home X The Ideal House
In 1950, at the beginning of the Korean War, Taiwan found itself in a strategic location for the US Pacific fleet. In 1951, the US government established its military aid policy for Taiwan area. American culture began to enter the Taiwanese climate, while the American life style became the epitome of modernity and progress.
In Wan Jen’s film The Taste of Apple, one can see ample evidence of aspirations for modern, American lifestyles in Taiwanese society.
Modern Living Aesthetics
1980s, the economy was booming, social movements were in full swing, and the government was gradually becoming more open. However, like it is said, when the world around you is turbulent, it is essential to have a safe harbor in one’s heart. As Taiwan entered the 1990s, there was much rethinking of Taiwan’s position in nativist cultural movements of the era. The result as a community revitalization policy became widespread.
Within this turmoil, Taiwan began thinking of the modern home as one more connected to its roots.
Revealed - The Multiple Meanings of Home in Taiwan
By wisdom a house is built, and by understanding it is established; by knowledge the rooms are filled with all precious and pleasant riches.
—Proverbs 24: 3-4
Home is a place where life can find protection. And what we pledge to protect.
Family relations, social structure, laws and policies, cultural changes, world movements, local knowledge constructed our home.
And yet, recalling the vast history of what we call “home.” We can see, in Taiwanese society, the inestimable value in “home.”